River tamarind, Leucaena leucocephala (กระถิน ; grathin)

By: Hanuman
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river-tamarind

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Local Names:
Rachaburi:
กะเส็ดโคก กะเส็ดบก (gaset kho:hk, gaset bohk). Samutsongkram: กะตง กระถิน กระถินน้อย กระถินบ้าน ผักก้านถิน (ga dtohng, grathin, grathin naawy, grathin baan, phak gaanthin). Chiang Mai: ผักก้านถิน (phak gaan thin). Northern Provinces: ผักหนองบก (phak naawng bohk). Central Plains: กระถินไทย กระถินบ้าน กระถินดอกขาว กระถินหัวหงอก (grathin thai grathin baan grathin daawk khaao grathin huaa ngaawk). Southern Provinces: ตอเบา สะตอเทศ สะตอบ้าน (dtaaw bao sa dtaaw thaeht sa dtaaw baan). Other names: กระถินยักษ์ (grathin yak).

Description
Shrub to understorey tree up to 11 m tall and 17 cm dbh. Stipules dropped early. Leaves alternate, compound, leaflets opposite, penni- to tripli-veined, glabrous, small. Flowers ca. 2.5 mm diameter, white, protruding stamens, flowers placed in globose umbell. Fruits ca. 141 mm long, green-brown-black, strongly flattened, explosively dehiscing pods. [1]Plants of Southeast Asia

Ecology
In open disturbed vegetations and regrowth, also cultivated up to 1500 m altitude. Usually near rivers, but also along roads and ridges on sandy soils. [2]Plants of Southeast Asia

Uses
Used as shade crop and reforestation. Wood is used for paper pulp, fuel, and charcoal. The bark (pounded) is used against fungal infections and as a brown dye for fishing nets. Also used as cattle fodder. Leaves, flowers, and fruits are used in cooking. Seeds can be used as a substitute for coffee. [3]Plants of Southeast Asia

The young leaves and pods are edible.

Distribution
Originally from tropical Americas, but currently pan-tropical. In Borneo collected in Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah and East-Kalimantan. [4]Plants of Southeast Asia

The information on this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and Thaifoodmaster does not purport to provide any medical advice.

References[+]

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