Javanese long pepper, Piper retrofractum (ดีปลี ; dee bplee)

By: Hanuman
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Piper retrofractum, the Balinese long pepper or Javanese long pepper, is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. The fruit of Piper retrofractum is similar in appearance and taste to that of the Indian long pepper (P. longum). [1]Wikipedia

In Cambodia, it is known as ដីប្លី dei-phlei. In the Malay Archipelago, the fruit is once known as cabai until the popularity of the chili introduced from the New World by European traders superseded it in culinary popularity causing a semantic shift referring to the new crop while the old plant became cabai jawa. [2]Wikipedia

The plant is a climbing vine with stems of about 3–4 mm in diameter. Its leaves have blades that are glabrous, lanceolate, with acuminate apex and asymmetric base, and are about 10–12 cm long and 3–3.5 cm wide. The vine has been described as dioecious or monoecious,[3] with male spikes of about 5 cm long and female spikes about 4 cm long and 0.5–1 cm wide, and part of the ovaries are attached on the axis. Its berries are spherical and arranged densely on the axis. [3]Wikipedia

The information on this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and Thaifoodmaster does not purport to provide any medical advice.