Sawtooth coriander, Eryngium foetidum (ผักชีฝรั่ง ; phak chee farang)

By: Hanuman
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Local Names:

Chiang Mai, Northern Provinces: ผักชีดอย (phak chee daawy), ผักจีดอย (phak jee daawy), ผักจีฝรั่ง (phak jee fa rang), หอมป้อมกุลา (haawm bpaawm goo laa), หอมป้อมกูลวา (haawm bpaawm guun waa), ห้อมป้อมเป้อ (haawm bpaawm bpuuhr). Mae Hong Son: มะและเด๊าะ (ma lae daw). Khon Kaen and Phichit: ผักชีใบเลื่อย (phak chee bai leuuay).
Loei and Khon Kaen: ผักหอมเทศ, ผักหอมเป (phak haawm thaeht, phak haawm bpaeh). Chaiyaphum: หอมป้อม, หอมเป (haawm bpaawm, haawm bpaeh). Uttaradit: หอมน้อยฮ้อ (haawm naawy haaw). Kamphaeng Phet: หอมป้อมเปอะ (haawm bpaawm bpuh).

Common names include culantro, recao, shadow beni, Mexican coriander, bhandhania, long coriander, sawtooth coriander, and ngò gai. [1]Wikipedia

Eryngium foetidum is a tropical perennial herb in the family Apiaceae.

Traditional Medicine:
Eryngium foetidum is also known as E. anti­hysteri­cum. The specific name anti­hysteri­cum reflects the fact that this plant has traditionally been used for epilepsy. The plant is said to calm a person’s ‘spirit’ and thus prevents epileptic ‘fits’, so is known by the common names spiritweed and fitweed. The anticonvulsant properties of this plant have been scientifically investigated. A decoction of the leaves has been shown to exhibit anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects in rats. [2]Wikipedia

Eryngial is a chemical compound isolated from E. foetidum. The University of the West Indies at Mona, Jamaica, has investigated the use of eryngial as a treatment for human Strongyloides stercoralis infection (strongyloidiasis). [3]Wikipedia

It is used as an ethnomedicinal plant for the treatment of a number of ailments such as fevers, chills, vomiting, burns, fevers, hypertension, headache, earache, stomachache, asthma, arthritis, snake bites, scorpion stings, diarrhea, malaria and epilepsy.[medical citation needed] The main constituent of essential oil of the plant is eryngial (E-2-dodecenal). A pharmacological investigation claims to have demonstrated anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anticonvulsant, anticlastogenic, anticarcinogenic, antidiabetic, and antibacterial activity. [4]Wikipedia

Chemistry
Qualitative analysis of the leaves demonstrated the presence of tannins and saponin, as well as some flavonoids; no alkaloids have been reported yet. Caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid (CGA), and kaempferol have been among the phenolic compounds found in E. foetidum leaves. [5]Wikipedia

The information on this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and Thaifoodmaster does not purport to provide any medical advice.

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